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干货来袭|三步写好高考英语申请信

百试乐英语2021-09-09 16:31:53

三步写好高考英语申请信

龚磊 陈慈明(湖北省巴东一中)

     近年来,在高考英语全国卷和各省的高考试卷中,不时出现以申请岗位或应聘工作为主题的高考作文题,因此了解申请信的基本写作步骤和要求就成为同学们写好此类作文所必须具备的本领和能力。笔者在此结合学生习作与同学们详细谈一谈如何写好这类英语作文。

申请信是书信的一种,主要以介绍个人情况为主,包括自己的姓名、年龄、身高、健康状况、业余爱好、特长、工作态度及人际关系等。一般说来,作文中会涉及到以下几点: (1)说明信息的来源。比如从报上得知或经朋友介绍等;(2)介绍个人情况,包括自己的工作经历、个人专长及个人爱好等;(3)表达自己对申请对象的期盼;(4)用简明的句子表明自己的能力及奋斗目标。

下面请同学们看一篇高考作文题


要写好该篇作文,笔者认为应分以下三步来完成:


01

审题谋篇理清思路

首先从整体来看,我们可以看出题中包含以下信息:

体裁

书信

话题

申请成为志愿者

时态

一般现在时

人称

第一人称

其次,了解写作细节。本篇包含三个写作要点:一、表达写信意图(应征做志愿者);二、陈述应征目的;三、说明应征条件(介绍自己的性格、能力等)。首先要读懂志愿者招聘的相关内容,如时间、服务项目(如才艺秀、演讲赛和英语辩论等)所需要的才能,这样才能针对要点进行陈述。

要点二、三属于开放性内容,但扩展部分一定要符合招聘要求,如要点而可以包含提高自己的组织能力、交际能力和自信心等;要点三可以包括自己能和同学友好相处、精通英语、帮助老师成功组织过一些英语活动等。这样可以使要点内容更加详实等。我们不妨从三个方面做相应拓展:

个性特点

 活泼开朗;乐于助人等

应征目的

 提高能力,培养信心

个人经历

 曾参加全国英语大赛并获一等奖等


02

遣词造句搭好框架

1. 词汇应丰富贴切

(1)在提出申请或应聘时,应适时展现的良好性格和品行不可或缺,我们不妨考虑在平时积累一些这样的形容词,诸如:

optimistic乐观的;creative 有创造力的;outgoing外向的; ambitious 有上进心的;motivated 积极的;talented有天分的;warm-hearted热心的;modest谦虚的;responsible有责任心的; capable用能力的;reliable靠得住的;caring 关心人的;confident自信的;efficient 做事有效率的;energetic精力充沛的;thoughtful 考虑周到的;qualified 合格的等。这样在构思作文时便可以根据申请信的类型快速准备恰当的词语。

(2)书写申请信时,适当使用几个副词,可以起到加强语气,使阅卷老师眼前一亮的神奇作用,这里推荐两种写作中常用的副词。

程度副词:completely/ entirely/ absolutely;highly;deeply;exactly;greatly;extremely…

句子副词:actually;frankly;more importantly;obviously/evidently;undoubtedly;personally…

2. 句式应地道多样

本道作文题中,我们可以从个性特点、应征目的、个人经历等三个方面来构造句子,同学们看看能否使用不同句式来完成以下几个句子:

①我叫李华,今年十八岁,是一名活泼开朗,乐于助人的高三学生。

I’m Li Hua,aged 18. Outgoing and helpful, I am a senior student in Grade Three.

②我申请该工作的目的是提高自己学习英语的能力,培养自己学好英语的信心。

Keen to build up my confidence in learning English fairly well and improve my capacity of using English, I sincerely apply for this post.

③我曾经获得过多项英语方面的奖项,包括全国英语口语大赛一等奖等。

I have won a considerable number of awards in English, including the first prize in the National Oral English Contest.

④我相信自己一定能够胜任该项工作并作出自己的贡献。

I firmly believe that I will be adequate to the position and make great contributions, making the school magazine more popular with the students.

此外,不同类型的写作文体很多时候有其常用的句式表达,如果能够熟练掌握,在考试时便可以快速搭建文章结构,使写出的文章既简洁,又地道。而我们在完成申请信之类的作文时,常常会涉及到诸如对申请原因的说明,对个人优势的介绍以及结尾处表达感谢和请求等,这里也为同学们提供一些常用句式。

(1)说明应聘原因常用语

1. I learned from sb/the newspaper that your company wanted to...

2. I was told that... 

3. I have just read in the newspaper that your company needs a...

4. I am writing to inquire opportunities for ...

5. I am writing to you to inquire if there would be any position available for me to work as a...

6. I am writing to apply for the job .

7. I have learned from your advertisement that a ...is wanted in your company.

(2)介绍个人优势常用语

1. Now I would like to introduce myself to you.

2. My name is Tom aged 16/who is a 16-year-old boy.

3. I graduated from...in 2015.

4. I like/am fond of swimming, singing and dancing in my spare time.

5. I work hard and I can get along /on well with others.

6. I am good at English and especially my spoken English is fairly good.

7. I master English and I talk to foreigners in English freely.

8. I am currently studying...

9. I would be interested in....

10. My main specialization is...

(3)表示感谢及请求常用语

1. Thank you for your consideration of my application.

2. If you agree with me, I'll work hard and try to be a...

3. I am available for interview.

4. I am looking forward to hearing from you.

5. If you agree with me, please write to me or phone me. My telephone number is...

6. I am writing to you in the hope that I may obtain an opportunity to....

7. I would like to apply the position that your company offers to me.

8. Thank you for considering my application and I am looking forward to your early reply.

9. I greatly appreciate any of your favorable consideration of my application.

10.I would be very grateful if you could consider my application and could send me about...


03

连句成篇写出好文章

在完成对词语和句式的准备之后,就应该考虑如何写出一篇完整的文章了。让我们来看一下这篇习作:

Dear Ms.Chen, 

    I’ m Li Hua, a student from Class 2, Grade 3. I’m writing to you to inquire if there would be any position available for me to work as a volunteer to provide service for your considerable program. Targeted at improving my confidence and gradually adapting to the enormous society, I sincerely hope I can be given this precious opportunity. As for me, outgoing and helpful, I’m excellent in English and especially my spoken English is fairly good. Once I won first prize in the National oral English contest, therefore, it’s out of question to express myself in English freely. Furthermore, I have fruitfully published several articles in English newspapers, which lays a solid foundation for the position I’m dreaming of.

If given the opportunity, I’ll be surely devoted to the job, making the school magazine more popular with the students. I greatly appreciate any of your favorable consideration of my application.

Looking forward to your reply.

                                                               Yours truly,

                                                                 Li Hua

【教师点评】

        该篇习作中,除注意到使用在文章中使用到申请信常用的句式如 “I’m writing to you to inquire if there would be any position available for me…”; “I greatly appreciate any of your favorable consideration of my application.外,在语言表达上也可圈可点。 如在词语上,使用了诸如“considerable;precious;outgoing;helpful”等形容词,还使用了“fairly;freely;fruitfully;surely;greatly”等副词起到加强语气,表达强烈期望的作用。而在短语和句式表达上,使用了诸如“Targeted at improving my confidence…;making the school magazine more…”等非谓语动词做状语;it句式,省略用法等,形式多样而又错落有致,值得借鉴。

        最后,在写作申请信时,同学们应注意:一,语气要诚挚友好千万不要表现出强求的意思,诸如must; should 等一类词语尽量少出现;二,对于申请的内容和原因应尽量写清楚;三,期望得到的心情一定要表达出来,诸如”I would be grateful if you could…”一类的句式用在申请信上是再合适不过的。


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